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Did you know that arthritis is one of the most common diseases in children in the United States? Juvenile Arthritis (JA) afflicts over 294,000 young people in this country. Common symptoms are tender, stiff, painful, and swollen joints causing a decreased range of motion.
There are several different types of Juvenile Arthritis depending on the severity and how many joints are affected. As for causes of the disease, they are unknown. Studies have not been able to link Juvenile Arthritis to toxins, allergies, foods or vitamin deficiencies. Doctors can diagnose Juvenile Arthritis through a series of medical tests and reviewing someone’s family medical history.
When it comes to treating or managing Juvenile Arthritis it all depends on how serious the case is. The goal of treatment includes controlling inflammation, relieving pain and swelling, preventing further joint damage, and maximizing functional abilities of the child. Treatment plans can include physical activity, medication, physical and/or occupational therapy, education, dental and eye care, and proper nutrition.
By: Julie Morning, B.S., ACSM-HFS, Fitness Specialist/Personal Trainer at Valley Health Wellness & Fitness Center
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